D.L.Corker, A.M.Glazer, W.Kaminsky, R.W.Whatmore, J.Dec, K.Roleder: Investigation into the crystal structure of the perovskite lead hafnate, PbHfO3. Acta Crystallogr. B 54 (1998) 18-28.
The room-temperature crystal structure of the perovskite lead hafnate PbHfO3 is investigated using both low-temperature single crystal X-ray diffraction (Mo Ka radiation, l = 0.71069 A) and polycrystalline neutron diffraction (D1A instrument, ILL, l = 1.90788 A). Single crystal X-ray data at 100K: space group Pbam, a =5.856(1), b = 11.729(3), c = 8.212(2) A, V = 564.04 AAA with Z = 8, u = 97.2 1/mm, F(000) = 1424, final R = 0.038, wR = 0.045 over 439 reflections with F>1.4s(F). Polycrystalline neutron data at 383 K: a = 5.8582(3), b = 11.7224(5), c = 8.2246(3) A, V = 564.80 AAA with CC = 1.62. Although lead hafnate has been thought to be isostructural with lead zirconate, no complete structure determinateion has been reported, as crystal structure analysis in both these materials is not straightforward. One of the main difficulties encountered is the determination of the oxygen positions, as necessary information lies in extremely weak l = 2n + 1 X-ray reflexions. To maximize the intensity of these reflexions the X-ray data are collected at 100 K with unusually long scans, a procedure which had previously been found sucessful with lead zirconate. In order to establish that no phase transition exists between room temperature and 100 K, and hence that the collected X-ray data are relevant to the room-temperature structure, birefringence measurements for both, PbZrO3 and PbHfO3 are also reported.
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